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阻燃电缆和耐火电缆到底是不是一回事?

  JINNIANLAI,QUANQIUFANWEINEIDEDIANLIXITONGHUOZAISHIGUZHONG,YOUYUDIANLIDIANLANZHEHUOERDAOZHIDIANLIXITONGGONGDIANZHONGDUANDEBILIYOUSHANGSHENGQUSHI。YINCIZAIFADIANCHANG、BIANDIANZHANDENGYOUDALIANGDIANQISHEBEIJIMIJIFUSHEDALIANGDIANLANDECHANGSUOCAIYONGZURANDIANLANZUZHIHUOSHIMANYAN,CAIYONGNAIHUODIANLANBAOZHENGZHONGYAOHUILUDEBUJIANDUANGONGDIANXIANDERIYIZHONGYAO。ERYOUXIEDIANQISHEJIRENYUANDUIZURANDIANLANJINAIHUODIANLANDEGAINIANFENBIANBUQING,DUIERZHEDEJIEGOUJITEXINGBUSHENLEJIE,CONGERDAOZHIWUFAGENJUGONGDIANYAOQIUZHENGQUESHEJIXUANYONGZHEILIANGZHONGDIANLAN,ZAIXIANCHANGJINXINGSHEJIDAILIHUOJIANLIGONGZUOSHIBUNENGZHENGQUEZHIDAOZHEILIANGZHONGDIANLANDEFUSHESHIGONG。YINCI,QUANMIANZHENGQUEDILEJIEZURANJINAIHUODIANLANSHIZHENGQUEXUANYONGTAMENDESHOUYAOTIAOJIAN。

  ZURANDIANLANSHIZHI:ZAIGUIDINGSHIYANTIAOJIANXIA,SHIYANGBEIRANSHAO,ZAICHEQUSHIYANHUOYUANHOU,HUOYANDEMANYANJINZAIXIANDINGFANWEINEI,CANYANHUOCANZHUOZAIXIANDINGSHIJIANNEINENGZIXINGXIMIEDEDIANLAN。TADEGENBENTEXINGSHI:ZAIHUOZAIQINGKUANGXIAYOUKENENGBEISHAOHUAIERBUNENGYUNXING,DANKEZUZHIHUOSHIDEMANYAN。TONGSUDIJIANG,DIANLANWANYISHIHUO,NENGGOUBARANSHAOXIANZHIZAIJUBUFANWEINEI,BUCHANSHENGMANYAN,BAOZHUQITADEGEZHONGSHEBEI,BIMIANZAOCHENGGENGDADESUNSHI。

  阻燃电缆的结构特点

  ZURANDIANLANDEJIEGOUHEPUTONGDIANLANJIBENXIANGTONG,BUTONGZHICHUZAIYUTADEJUEYUANCENG、HUTAO、WAIHUCENGYIJIFUZHUCAILIAO(BAODAIJITIANCHONG)QUANBUHUOBUFENCAIYONGZURANCAILIAO。

  阻燃电缆的分类

  GENJUDIANLANZURANCAILIAODEBUTONG,ZURANDIANLANFENWEIHANLUZURANDIANLANJIWULUDIYANZURANDIANLANLIANGDALEI。

  QIZHONGHANLUZURANDIANLANDEJUEYUANCENG、HUTAO、WAIHUCENGYIJIFUZHUCAILIAO(BAODAIJITIANCHONG)QUANBUHUOBUFENCAIYONGHANLUDEJUYIXI(PVC)ZURANCAILIAO,YINERJUYOULIANGHAODEZURANTEXING。DANSHIZAIDIANLANRANSHAOSHIHUISHIFANGDALIANGDENONGYANHELUSUANQITI,LUSUANQITIDUIZHOUWEIDEDIANQISHEBEIYOUFUSHIXINGWEIHAI,JIUYUANRENYUANXUYAODAISHANGFANGDUMIANJUCAINENGJIEJINXIANCHANGJINXINGMIEHUO。DIANLANRANSHAOSHIJIZHOUWEIDIANQISHEBEIYIJIJIUYUANRENYUANZAOCHENGWEIHAI,BULIYUMIEHUOJIUYUANGONGZUO,CONGERDAOZHIYANZHONGDE“ERCIWEIHAI”。ERWULUDIYANZURANDIANLANDEJUEYUANCENG、HUTAO、WAIHUCENGYIJIFUZHUCAILIAO(BAODAIJITIANCHONG)QUANBUHUOBUFENCAIYONGDESHIBUHANLUDEJIAOLIANJUYIXI(XLPE)ZURANCAILIAO,BUJINJUYOUGENGHAODEZURANTEXING,ERQIEZAIDIANLANRANSHAOSHIMEIYOULUSUANQITIFANGCHU,DIANLANDEFAYANLIANGYEXIAO,DIANLANRANSHAOCHANSHENGDEFUSHIXINGQITIYELANZURANXINGHEJIANGDILUSUANQITIFASHENGLIANGZHIJIANCAIQUZHEZHONGDEFANGSHIKAIFACHULEDILUDIYANZURANDIANLAN。TADEHANLULIANGYUEWEIHANLUZURANDIANLANDE1/3ZUOYOU。FAYANLIANGYEJIEJINYUGONGRENDE“DIYAN”SHUIPING。

  GENJU《DIANXIANDIANLANRANSHAOSHIYANFANGFA》DEGUIDING,CAIYONGCHENGSHURANSHAOSHIYANFANGFAKAOHEDEZURANDIANLANFENWEIA、B、C3LEI,QIZHONGALEIDIANLANSHIYANTIAOJIANZUIKEKE,XINGNENGJIAOB、CLEIGENGYOU,JIAGEYEZUIGUI。WEISHIXIANDIANLANDEZURANHUOTIGAODIANLANDEZURANJIBIE,RENMENYANZHIKAIFACHUJIBAOSUOWEI“GEYANGCENG”HUO“GEHUOCENG”ZUOWEITIANCHONGHUORAOBAOGEHUOZURANBAODAI(GEHUOCENG)DENGXINXINGJIEGOUDEZURANDIANLAN,BINGBAZHEIZHONGDIANLANJIAOZUO“GEYANG(HUO)CENG”DIANLAN。QIZHUYAOYUANLISHIZAICAILIAOZHONGTIANJIALEJINSHUSHUIHEWUCHENGFEN,YEKEFENBIESHIXIANDILUDIYAN、WULUDIYANHEDIANLANDEZURANHUA。DANSHI,SUOWEI“GEYANGCENG”HE“GEHUOCENG”ZHISHISHIXIANDIANLANZURANDEYIZHONGSHOUDUAN,GUIGENDAODITAHAISHIYIZHONGZURANDIANLAN,QISUONENGDADAODEZUIGAOZURANJIBIEYESHIALEI。YINCI,BUNENGBAZURANDIANLANJIAOZUO“GEYANGCENG”DIANLAN,ERZHINENGSHUO“GEYANGCENG”DIANLANSHIYIZHONGZURANDIANLAN。

  选用时注意的问题

  SHEJIRENYUANYINGGAIGENJUZURANDIANLANDEJUTITEXINGDUIZURANDIANLANJINXINGSHEJIXUANYONGJIFUSHESHIGONG,BINGYINGZHUYIYIXIAJIGEWENTI:

  (1)YOUYUHANLUZURANDIANLAN(BAOKUOZURANDIANLAN、DILUDIYANZURANDIANLAN)ZAIRANSHAOSHIHUISHIFANGJUYOUFUSHIXINGDELUSUANQITI,DADAZUAIXIAOFANGGONGZUOCONGERDANWUJIUHUOSHIJIANBINGJIAJUHUOSHIMANYAN,YINCIZAIRENKOUMIDUJIAOGAODEGONGZHONGCHANGSUOYINGJINLIANGSHEJIXUANYONGWULUDIYANZURANDIANLAN。ZAIRENKOUMIDUJIAOXIAODEZUOYEQUKEYIXUANYONGRENYIYIZHONGZURANDIANLAN。

  (2)ZURANDIANLANFENWEIA、B、C3LEI,QIZHONGALEIZURANDIANLANXINGNENGJIAOB、CLEIGENGYOU,JIAGEYEZUIGUI。SHEJIRENYUANTIGONGDINGHUOQINGCESHIYINGBIAOMINGZURANDIANLANDELEIBIE。

  (3)CONGWAIGUANSHANGWUFAQUFENZURANDIANLANDEA、B、CLEIBIE,ZHIYOUKAOZHIZAOCHANGJIAJINXINGGONGHUOBAOZHENG,YINCIZAISHEJIXUANYONGSHIYINGSHENZHONGXUANZEDIANLANZHIZAOCHANGJIA。

  (4)WULUDIYANZURANDIANLANYUHANLUZURANDIANLANXIANGBI,YOUDIFUSHI、DIYANDEYOUDIAN,DANDIANXINGNENGJIJIXIEXINGNENGMINGXIANJIANGDI,SUOYIZAIJINXINGDIANLANFUSHESHI,WULUDIYANZURANDIANLANYINGJIAOHANLUZURANDIANLANYOUGENGDADEWANQUBANJING。

  (5)ZAIJINXINGDIANLANFUSHESHEJISHI,BUYIJIANGFEIZURANDIANLANHEZURANDIANLANBINGLIEFUSHE,BUYIJIANGBUTONGZURANLEIBIEDEZURANDIANLANBINGLIEFUSHE。

  NAIHUODIANLANSHIZHI:ZAIGUIDINGSHIYANTIAOJIANXIA,SHIYANGZAIHUOYANZHONGBEIRANSHAO,ZAIYIDINGSHIJIANNEIRENGNENGBAOCHIZHENGCHANGYUNXINGDEXINGNENG。TADEGENBENTEXINGJIUSHI:DIANLANZAIRANSHAOTIAOJIANXIARENGRANNENGWEICHIGAIXIANLUYIDUANSHIJIANDEZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。TONGSUDIJIANGJIUSHI,WANYISHIHUO,DIANLANBUHUIYIXIAJIURANSHAO,HUILUBIJIAOANQUAN。YINCINAIHUODIANLANYUZURANDIANLANDEZHUYAOQUBIESHI:NAIHUODIANLANZAIHUOZAIFASHENGSHINENGWEICHIYIDUANSHIJIANDEZHENGCHANGGONGDIAN,ERZURANDIANLANBUJUBEIZHEIGETEXING。ZHEIGETEXINGJUEDINGLENAIHUODIANLANZAIXIANDAIDOUSHIJIGONGYEJIANZHUZHONGQIZHEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,YINWEIYIDANHUOZAIFASHENG,KONGZHI、JIANSHI、DAOYINJIBAOJINGDENGXITONGGONGDIANHUILUBIXUWEICHIZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。YINCI,GAIDIANLANZHUYAOSHIYONGZAIYINGJIDIANYUANZHIYONGHUXIAOFANGSHEBEI、HUOZAIBAOJINGSHEBEI、TONGFENGPAIYANSHEBEI、DAOXINGDENG、JINJIDIANYUANCHAZUO、JINJIYONGDIANTIDENGGONGDIANHUILU。

  耐火电缆的结构特点

  NAIHUODIANLANDEJIEGOUHEPUTONGDIANLANJIBENXIANGTONG,BUTONGZHICHUZAIYUNAIHUODIANLANDEDAOTICAIYONGNAIHUOXINGNENGHAODETONGDAOTI(TONGDERONGDIANWEI1083℃),BINGZAIDAOTIHEJUEYUANCENGJIANZENGJIANAIHUOCENG。NAIHUOCENGYOUDUOCENGYUNMUDAIRAOBAOERCHENG。YINWEIBUTONGYUNMUDAIDEYUNXUGONGZUOWENDUCHAYIJIAODA,YINCIDIANLANNAIHUOXINGNENGDEGUANJIANSHIYUNMUDAI。

  耐火电缆的分类

  ZAIZHONGGUOPUTONGNAIHUODIANLANFENWEIALEIHEBLEI:BLEIDIANLANNENGGOUZAI750℃~800℃DEHUOYANZHONGHEEDINGDIANYAXIANAISHOURANSHAOZHISHAO90minERDIANLANBUBEIJICHUAN(JI3ABAOXIANSIBURONGDUAN)。ZAIGAIJINNAIHUOCENGZHIZAOGONGYIHEZENGJIANAIHUOCENGDENGFANGFADEJICHUSHANGYOUYANZHILEALEINAIHUODIANLAN,TANENGGOUZAI950℃~1000℃DEHUOYANZHONGHEEDINGDIANYAXIANAISHOURANSHAOZHISHAO90minERDIANLANBUBEIJICHUAN(JI3ABAOXIANSIBURONGDUAN)。ALEINAIHUODIANLANDENAIHUOXINGNENGYOUYUBLEI。LINGWAI,KUANGWUJUEYUANDIANLANSHINAIHUODIANLANZHONGXINGNENGJIAOYOUDEYIZHONG,TASHIYOUTONGXIN、TONGHUTAO、YANGHUAMEIJUEYUANCAILIAOJIAGONGERCHENGDE,JIANCHENGMI(minerlinsulatedcables)DIANLAN。GAIDIANLANWANQUANYOUWUJIWUGOUCHENGNAIHUOCENG,ERPUTONGNAIHUODIANLANDENAIHUOCENGSHIYOUWUJIWUYUYIBANYOUJIWUFUHEERCHENG,YINCIMIDIANLANDENAIHUOXINGNENGJIAOPUTONGNAIHUODIANLANGENGYOUQIEBUHUIYINRANSHAOERFENJIECHANSHENGFUSHIXINGQITI。MIDIANLANJUYOULIANGHAODENAIHUOTEXINGQIEKEYIZHANGQIGONGZUOZAI250℃GAOWENZHIXIA,TONGSHIHAIYOUFANGBAO、NAIFUSHIXINGQIANG、ZAILIULIANGDA、NAIFUSHE、JIXIEQIANGDUGAO、TIJIXIAO、ZHONGLIANGQING、SHOUMINGZHANG、WUYANDETEDIAN。DANJIAGEGUI、GONGYIFUZA、SHIGONGNANDUDA,ZAIYOUGUANQU、ZHONGYAOMUJIEGOUGONGGONGJIANZHU、GAOWENCHANGSUODENGNAIHUOYAOQIUGAOQIEJINGJIXINGKEYIJIESHOUDECHANGHE,KECAIYONGZHEIZHONGNAIHUOXINGNENGHAODEDIANLAN。

  选用时注意的问题

  GENJUNAIHUODIANLANDEJUTITEXING,SHEJIRENYUANZAISHEJIXUANYONGSHIYINGZHUYIYIXIAJIGEWENTI:

  (1)DANGNAIHUODIANLANYONGYUDIANLANMIJIDEDIANLANSUIDAO、DIANLANJIACENGZHONG,HUOWEIYUYOUGUAN、YOUKUFUJINDENGYIRANCHANGSUOSHI,YINGSHOUXIANXUANYONGALEINAIHUODIANLAN。CHUSHANGSHUQINGKUANGWAIQIEDIANLANPEIZHISHULIANGSHAOSHI,KECAIYONGBLEINAIHUODIANLAN。

  (2)NAIHUODIANLANDADUOYONGZUOYINGJIDIANYUANDEGONGDIANHUILU,YAOQIUHUOZAISHIZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。YOUYUHUOZAISHIHUANJINGWENDUJIJUSHANGSHENG,WEIBAOZHENGXIANLUDESHUSONGRONGLIANG,JIANGDIYAJIANG,DUIYUGONGDIANXIANLUJIAOZHANGQIEYANGEXIANDINGYUNXUDIANYAJIANGDEHUILU,YINGJIANGNAIHUODIANLANJIEMIANZHISHAOFANGDAYIDANG。

  (3)NAIHUODIANLANBUNENGDANGZUONAIGAOWENDIANLANSHIYONG。

  (4)WEIJIANGDIDIANLANJIETOUZAIHUOZAISHIGUZHONGDEGUZHANGJILV,ZAIANZHUANGZHONGYINGJINLIANGJIANSHAOJIETOUSHULIANG,YIBAOZHENGXIANLUZAIHUOZAIZHONGNENGZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。RUGUOXUYAOZUOFENZHIJIEXIAN,YINGDUIJIETOUZUOHAOFANGHUOCHULI。

阻燃电缆和耐火电缆到底是不是一回事? 2020-04-12 本文被阅读 次
下一条:绝缘电力电缆;故障;改进措施上一条:电线电缆故障快速定位的小技巧




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